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I just came across this article today that reinterates Ralph's post.

What Is The Difference Between Sudo And Su In Linux?
I hope they change more than the Bulletin Index! I do not like having them install things on my machine without my approval, and when I do not know what they are and when they appear!
General Discussion / Microsoft Security Bulletin Summary for November 2016.
« Last post by DougD on November 15, 2016, 05:11:23 PM »
Microsoft Security Bulletin Summary for November 2016 - Published: November 8, 2016.

There are six critical and eight important security patches.

From the article:   "So, beginning in early 2017, Microsoft says it will scrap that entire system in favor of a new "single destination for security vulnerability information" called the Security Updates Guide."

>>> This will replace the "Patch Tuesday" monthly reports on security updates:

The new format starts in 2017. I am not sure as to exactly how it will look or function.
General Discussion / Re: Solid State Drives as OS partitions.
« Last post by DougD on November 15, 2016, 04:59:39 PM »
Thanks for the useful info, Ralph. Looks like SSD is worth it and holds up well.  Doug
General Discussion / Re: Solid State Drives as OS partitions.
« Last post by rsutter on November 15, 2016, 04:35:13 PM »
Hello Doug,
I'm using SSDs as the C drive for my one year old desktop, a Dell XPS 8900.  The machine came with an HHD drive but as soon as I got the machine, I replaced the spinning hard drive with a 512 GB Samsung 950 SSD M.2 hard drive.  It inserts in a PCIe slot on the motherboard rather than via a cable like other SSDs.  It has been trouble free and every fast

I replaced the HHD in my HP Pavillion laptop with a 1 TB Samsung 840 EVO SSD.  That boosted performance considerably.  It's a 4 year old machine.  I swapped drives after a year and a half.

My 15" Macbook Pro came with a 500 GB SSD.  It too has been fast and trouble free since I bought it in 2013.

I still use spinning hard drives but not as my primary drive.  My main desktop has 2 large HHD drives in addition to the HDD.

My servers also use 4TB and 5TB HHDs.

The HDD swaps that I've made were done for speed, not reliability.  I did have one Crucial 100 GB SSD fail in another desktop machine.  Crucial replaced the drive in short order at no cost.

Ralph Sutter

General Discussion / Adobe Photoshop Elements 15 for $39.99 at Costco
« Last post by rsutter on November 15, 2016, 04:19:57 PM »
Hello All,

I just purchased a copy of Adobe Photoshop Elements 15 at Costco for $39.99.  This is a $40 discount off the list price.
It contains a DVD for installing on Windows and another DVD for installing on a MAC.  Please note that, while it has a trial version of Adobe Premiere Elements 15 it does not have a license for that product.

Ralph Sutter
General Discussion / Solid State Drives as OS partitions.
« Last post by DougD on November 14, 2016, 05:41:17 PM »
Does anyone have any comments as to how well their solid state operating system drives have been holding up and performing? Are they still fast and reliable after a period of sustained use?
General Discussion / Steps for Upgrading Plex on a Ubuntu File Server
« Last post by rsutter on November 11, 2016, 01:31:04 PM »
Hello All,
I have Plex, a media server, running on top of a Ubuntu media server.  Recently, Plex notified me that there was an upgrade available but the install was manual.
Below, I detail the steps that I followed to do that upgrade.

While viewing the page, on your browser of choice

check for updates to Plex

To do so, click on Settings/Server and see if an update is available
If it is, find its location by going to
Click Download
Click the down arrow, switching from the Windows version to Linux
Click Download - This will display the various Linux versions available
Find the version that you want and right click it to display the URL
Write down the URL or copy and paste it into a document

The following steps are performed from the terminal of the server where Plex is installed
From the terminal, type wget followed by the URL noted above
The filename is the last part of the longer URL, plexmediaserver_1.2.7.2987-1bef33a_amd64.deb
Enter wget

From the terminal, type sudo dpkg -i followed by the filename (not the complete URL)
In the example, the command is sudo dpkg -i plexmediaserver_0.

Remove the installation file with the command rm followed by the filename
In the example, the command is rm plexmediaserver_0.

Exit the terminal by typing exit
Take a bow.  You have upgraded the Plex media server. 
To confirm this accomplishment, point your browser once again to and click on Settings/Server
Doing so should display the message Up to date
Ralph Sutter
Hello All,
Last night, my questions at the SLO Bytes Linux Group prompted a discussion of working from the command in Ubuntu as sudo vs su.  Today, I found a post that reiterates well the conclusions of our discussion.
Read it at
Ralph Sutter
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